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Nazca Lines

Nazca LinesThe Nazca Lines are gigantic geoglyphs located in the Nazca Desert, a high arid plateau that stretches 53 miles between the towns of Nazca and Palpa on the Pampas de Jumana in Peru. They were created by the Nazca culture between 200 BC and 600 AD. There are hundreds of individual figures, ranging in complexity from simple lines to stylized hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, and lizards. The Nazca lines cannot be recognized as coherent figures except from the air. Since it is presumed the Nazca people could never have seen their work from this vantage point, there has been much speculation on the builders' abilities and motivations.


The conquistador chronicler Pedro de Cieza de Leon first mentioned some of the figures in 1547. He described the few glyphs drawn on hillsides whose shape can be seen without an aircraft.

The lines were first noticed in the modern era when airplanes began flying over the Peruvian desert in the 1920s. In 1927, Toribio Mejia Xespe, a Peruvian doctor and anthropologist was the first scientist to show interest in what he called these "great Incan ceremonial artifacts".

The first systematic and scientific survey of the lines began in the 1930s under the direction of Paul Kosok and Maria Reiche. Reiche took over the study in 1946 and until her death in 1998 lobbied to protect and preserve the lines. She lobbied successfully to have the lines declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995. Since then, improved aerial and satellite photography as well as increased interest and study of the glyphs and the surrounding desert has added to our knowledge of the site as well as the people who built it. For instance Cahuachi, a Nazca city overlooking some of the lines, was recently discovered in the surrounding hillside. It was built nearly 2,000 years ago and mysteriously abandoned 500 years later.

The lines were made by removing the iron oxide coated pebbles which cover the surface of the Nazca desert. When the gravel is removed, they contrast with the light-colored earth underneath. There are several hundred simple lines and geometric patterns on the Nazca plateau, as well as over seventy curvilinear animal, insect, and human figures. The area encompassing the lines is nearly 200 square miles, and the largest figures can be nearly 900 feet long. The lines persist due to the extremely dry, windless, and constant climate of the Nazca region. The Nazca desert is one of the driest on earth and maintains a temperature around 25°C (77°F). The lack of wind in the desert has helped keep the lines uncovered to the present day.

Nazca Lines Pictures

 

 


 

Nasca Lines Tours

The coastal region accounts for 10.6% of Peru's territory (52,639 square miles or 136,334 km2). It is a narrow strip 1hat is approximately 554 miles long (2,500 km), but only 12 to 62 miles wide (19 to 100 km). The altitude along this strip varies from zero to 3,281 feet above sea level (1,000 m). The Peruvian coastal region has been home to several important cultures. Visitors can find many well-known archaeological sites here, including  Nasca, Paracas National Park
We offer the below tours, please make a choice:

Package Tours Duration Highlights
ICA, PARACAS AND NAZCA LINES 3 days and 2 nights

DAILY DEPARTURES from Lima

Ica, Ballestas Islands, Nazca Lines
NASCA EXTENSIVE TOUR 3 days and 2 nights

DAILY DEPARTURES from Lima

Paracas National Park, Ballestas islands and Nasca Lines
ICA - NASCA LINES 2 days and 1 night

DAILY DEPARTURES from Lima

Ica city tour and flight above Nasca Lines
NASCA LINES AND BALLESTAS  2 days and 1 night

DAILY DEPARTURES from Lima

Nasca Lines and Ballestas islands.
PALEONTOLOGICAL TOUR Half Day

DAILY DEPARTURES
from Ica

Half day excursion Cerro Blanco in Ocucaje
UNEXPLORED BEACHES FULL DAY TOUR Full Day

DAILY DEPARTURES
from Ica

Full day excursion to Ica- Huacachina 
NASCA LINES FULL DAY FROM LIMA Full Day

DAILY DEPARTURES
from Lima

Full day excursion to Nasca includes flight above the lines 
PARACAS NATIONAL RESERVE AND BALLESTAS ISLANDS 2 days and 1 night

DAILY DEPARTURES
from Lima

Paracas Reserve, Ballestas Islands tour.
NASCA LINES 2 DAYS 2 days and 1 night

DAILY DEPARTURES
from Lima

Paracas Reserve, Ballestas islands, Nasca: flight above the lines

 

 

 





 


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