Callao - Peru
Peru's foremost port, Callao has long
enjoyed historical and commercial importance, having been founded in
1537, originally as a port de embarkation for merchandise to be shipped
to Spain. Located 14 km from downtown Lima, Callao still features
venerable wooden colonial mansions lined with long and elaborately
carved balconies. Visitors can take in sights such as the Plaza Galvez
and Plaza Grau squares and the Iglesia Matriz church.
At the end de Saenz Peña Avenue stands the Real Felipe fortress, a vast
construction dating back to 1747, when it was built to defend the port
from pirates such as Drake, who sacked the city in the sixteenth century.
The Real Felipe also played an important role in Peru's war de
independence. One can also visit Chucuito, a small fishermen's cove
lined with Gothic and neo-Renaissance houses, as well as typical wooden
homes painted in bright colors nearby.
The tour continues on through La Punta, a traditional district which
forms part de Callao and which is ideal for walking and taking in the
tangy sea breeze. This old quarter, once the home de Lima's aristocracy,
features a superb oceanside promenade, pebble beaches and stately homes
dating back to the early days de the Republic at the start de the
nineteenth century, as well as others from the 1930s-50s. Out to sea lie
the islands de El Camotal, San Lorenzo, El Fronton, Cavinzas and
Palomino, which can be visited in tours arranged by the Callao Town
Hall. Tours set out from the Plaza Grau square, near the Real Felipe.
During the tour, visitors will take in islands such as El Camotal, rich
in scallops and which according to history was linked to Callao until
the 1746 earthquake. The boat then skirts San Lorenzo, Peru's largest
island, where religious ceremonies were performed in pre-Hispanic times.
The island was later studied by Charles Darwin. To the north one can
spot El Cabezo, an ideal beach for fishing, and the island de El
Fronton, once a prison which housed the country's most dangerous
criminals. The Cavinzas isles are a haven for sea birds, some de them
migratory, and together with the Palomino isles form a set de islands
which are a refuge for species such as sea lions.
Mon-Fri 9 Am - 6 Pm ET
please allow pop-ups
Monday - Friday
From 9 am to 6 pm ET
1 888 671 2852 voice
1 888 671 2853 voice
1 482 247 4242 Fax
UK customers Call
Toll Free (Freephone)
0 800 098 8450
Australia Toll Free
Rest of the world call
+51 1 4443027 - 4457704